Map of Roman Britain showing main roads

 

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Before the Romans arrived, the people who lived in Britain were known as the Celts. When the Romans invaded, some groups of Celts made peace with the Romans, but other groups chose to put up a fight and attacked Roman towns and forts, long after the invasion.

 

The Romans decided that they did not want to occupy Scotland and built Hadrian’s Wall across North England to separate their empire from the Celts who lived there.

Hadrian's Wall

Hadrian’s Wall is still standing in Northern England

In AD 60-61 there was an uprising led by Queen Boudiccia. Boudiccia had become the leader of the Iceni people (from East Anglia) when her husband died. The Iceni people were angry with the Romans and started a revolt .

 

With an army of 70,000, they attacked Colchester and London before having a major battle with the Roman army. The rebels lost and Boudiccia drank poison to save herself from being taken prisoner.

During Roman Times, the towns of Britain had Roman names, for example:

 

Modern
Roman
 
Modern
Roman
London
Londinium
 
Canterbury
Durovernum
York
Eboracum
 
St. Albans
Verulamium
Bath
Aquae Sulis
 
Cirencester
Corinium
Colchester
Camulodunum
 
Chester
Deva
Dorchester
Durnovaria
 
Exeter
Isca
Scotland
Caledonia